NFL Notes: Chargers cut CB Brandon Flowers, OL D.J. Fluker

NFL Notes: Chargers cut CB Brandon Flowers, OL D.J. Fluker

CARSON, Calif. -- The Los Angeles Chargers have released cornerback Brandon Flowers, offensive lineman D.J. Fluker and receiver Stevie Johnson.

The Chargers announced the moves Tuesday.

Flowers spent three seasons with the Chargers after making the Pro Bowl and leaving Kansas City in 2013. He made just four interceptions in his three seasons, and he appeared in just six games last year while dealing with a concussion.

Fluker was the Chargers' first-round pick in 2013. The versatile lineman was due to make $8.821 million next season, and he started all 16 games last season on the right side of the line.

Johnson caught 45 passes for 497 yards and three touchdowns for the Chargers in 2015. He missed last season after injuring his knee early in training camp.

Falcons: Julio Jones has minor foot surgery
ATLANTA -- The Atlanta Falcons say wide receiver Julio Jones is expected to be ready for the start of training camp after having minor foot surgery.

Jones had the procedure on Monday and posted on his Twitter account: "Surgery was a success! Thanks to all that prayed for me."

Falcons spokesman Brian Cearns said Tuesday that Jones is expected to be at full speed for the start of training camp.

Jones missed two games last season with a sprained left toe and also missed practice time in the second half of the season with foot problems. He still had 83 catches for 1,409 yards and six touchdowns and was named to his second straight All-Pro team.

Bills: Contract extended to RB Gillislee
ORCHARD PARK, N.Y. -- The Buffalo Bills have extended contract offers in retaining the rights to running back Mike Gillislee and offensive lineman Ryan Groy.

The moves announced Tuesday give the Bills the right to match any offers teams make to the two restricted free agents. Additionally, the Bills would be compensated a fifth-round draft pick should Gillislee sign elsewhere once the NFL's free-agency period starts on Thursday.

Gillislee has been a dependable backup behind LeSean McCoy since joining the Bills in November 2015. Last season, he had 577 yards rushing and scored nine touchdowns, including one receiving. He also led the NFL in averaging 5.7 yards per carry.

Groy started the final seven games last season at center after Eric Wood broke his right leg.

Jets: WR Jalin Marshall banned 4 games for PEDs
NEW YORK -- The NFL has suspended New York Jets receiver Jalin Marshall for the first four games of the 2017 season for violating the league's policy on performance enhancers.

The suspension of the second-year player from Ohio State was announced Tuesday. Earlier, the New York Daily News reported he tested positive for Adderall.

"I really just want to apologize for this mistake. I inadvertently took medication without an exemption from the league on one occasion," Marshall tweeted. "It has not happened since & will not happen again. Already looking forward to 2017 and doing whatever I can to help this team win."

Marshall can participate in all offseason team events, including training camp and preseason games, before serving the suspension.

Also a kick returner, Marshall made the Jets as an undrafted free agent. He had 14 receptions for 162 yards and two touchdowns, but a torn labrum in his shoulder forced him to miss six games.

Vikings: Longtime LB Greenway retires
EDEN PRAIRIE, Minn. -- NFL players usually don't get to leave the game like Chad Greenway did.

From start to finish, Greenway had quite the career.

Proudly declaring he's "healthy and happy" and ready for retirement after 11 seasons with the Minnesota Vikings , Greenway turned his time at the podium at a farewell news conference into a 25-minute thank-you to the people who influenced and supported him over the years. Former teammates Jim Kleinsasser and Ben Leber were among those in attendance, along with Vikings greats Carl Eller and Bud Grant.

General manager Rick Spielman praised Greenway's exemplary citizenship off the field, and coach Mike Zimmer expressed his appreciation for being able to lean on Greenway's leadership to help sell his message in the locker room.

"I wish I would've had him when he was younger," said Zimmer, who has been with the Vikings for three seasons.

The 34-year-old Greenway reminisced about his family's farm in South Dakota, where he recalled telling his father at age 5 or 6 while helping him feed cattle that he would play professional football one day. The encouragement offered by Alan Greenway, who died of cancer during the 2014 season, was one of many meaningful ways he impacted his son's life over the years. Greenway needed to pause several times to compose himself between cracks in his voice.

"The most amazing man in the world, hands down," Greenway said. "I'm so proud to carry the name that he gave me and hold it to a high standard. I'm so proud to be his son. It was hard losing him, but at the same time it's fun to be able to carry on his name and his legacy with my own kids."

Eagles react to new study showing CTE found in majority of football players' brains

USA Today Images

Eagles react to new study showing CTE found in majority of football players' brains

CHICAGO -- Research on 202 former football players found evidence of brain disease in nearly all of them, from athletes in the NFL, college and even high school.

It's the largest update on chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, a brain disease linked with repeated head blows.

But the report doesn't confirm that the condition is common in all football players; it reflects high occurrence in samples at a Boston brain bank that studies CTE. Many donors or their families contributed because of the players' repeated concussions and troubling symptoms before death.

"There are many questions that remain unanswered," said lead author Dr. Ann McKee, a Boston University neuroscientist. "How common is this" in the general population and all football players?

"How many years of football is too many?" and "What is the genetic risk? Some players do not have evidence of this disease despite long playing years," she noted.

It's also uncertain if some players' lifestyle habits -- alcohol, drugs, steroids, diet -- might somehow contribute, McKee said.

Dr. Munro Cullum, a neuropsychologist at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, emphasized that the report is based on a selective sample of men who were not necessarily representative of all football players. He said problems other than CTE might explain some of their most common symptoms before death -- depression, impulsivity and behavior changes. He was not involved in the report.

McKee said research from the brain bank may lead to answers and an understanding of how to detect the disease in life, "while there's still a chance to do something about it." There's no known treatment.

The study came out just days before Eagles' veterans report to training camp, causing Chris Long and Brandon Brooks to react on Twitter.

The strongest scientific evidence says CTE can only be diagnosed by examining brains after death, although some researchers are experimenting with tests performed on the living. Many scientists believe that repeated blows to the head increase risks for developing CTE, leading to progressive loss of normal brain matter and an abnormal buildup of a protein called tau. Combat veterans and athletes in rough contact sports like football and boxing are among those thought to be most at risk.

The new report was published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

CTE was diagnosed in 177 former players or nearly 90 percent of brains studied. That includes 110 of 111 brains from former NFL players; 48 of 53 college players; nine of 14 semi-professional players, seven of eight Canadian Football league players and three of 14 high school players. The disease was not found in brains from two younger players.

A panel of neuropathologists made the diagnosis by examining brain tissue, using recent criteria from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, McKee said.

The NFL issued a statement saying these reports are important for advancing science related to head trauma and said the league "will continue to work with a wide range of experts to improve the health of current and former NFL athletes."

After years of denials, the NFL acknowledged a link between head blows and brain disease and agreed in a $1 billion settlement to compensate former players who had accused the league of hiding the risks.

The journal update includes many previously reported cases, including former NFL players Bubba Smith, Ken Stabler, Junior Seau and Dave Duerson.

New ones include retired tight end Frank Wainright, whose 10-year NFL career included stints with the Miami Dolphins, New Orleans Saints and Baltimore Ravens. Wainright died last October at age 48 from a heart attack triggered by bleeding in the brain, said his wife, Stacie. She said he had struggled almost eight years with frightening symptoms including confusion, memory loss and behavior changes.

Wainright played before the league adopted stricter safety rules and had many concussions, she said. He feared CTE and was adamant about donating his brain, she said.

"A lot of families are really tragically affected by it -- not even mentioning what these men are going through and they're really not sure what is happening to them. It's like a storm that you can't quite get out of," his wife said.

Frank Wycheck, another former NFL tight end, said he worries that concussions during his nine-year career -- the last seven with the Tennessee Titans -- have left him with CTE and he plans to donate his brain to research.

"Some people have heads made of concrete, and it doesn't really affect some of those guys," he said. "But CTE is real."

"I know I'm suffering through it, and it's been a struggle and I feel for all the guys out there that are going through this," said Wycheck, 45.

In the new report, McKee and colleagues found the most severe disease in former professional players; mild disease was found in all three former high school players diagnosed with the disease. Brain bank researchers previously reported that the earliest known evidence of CTE was found in a high school athlete who played football and other sports who died at age 18. He was not included in the current report.

The average age of death among all players studied was 66. There were 18 suicides among the 177 diagnosed.

Eagles training camp Day 2 observations: Barnett's inside moves

Eagles training camp Day 2 observations: Barnett's inside moves

It's the middle of summer but the Eagles got plenty of cloud cover and a cool morning for Day 2 of training camp on Tuesday. 

If only they could bottle up this weather and bring it to next week. 

Still just quarterbacks, rookies and select veterans at camp — just 34 players. The 35th would have been new tight end and Canadian rugby star Adam Zaruba, but he wasn't in camp yet. He still needs to get a visa. 

Let's hop into the observations: 

1. Derek Barnett has already shown flashes early in training camp of what made him a first-round pick. The former Tennessee star has had his trademark bend around the edge on display, beating Dillon Gordon on Tuesday. But Barnett needs to develop more. 

On Tuesday, as defensive linemen went up against offensive linemen 1-on-1, D-line coach Chris Wilson stressed the importance of Barnett's creating contact with the offensive lineman sooner. Basically, Wilson didn't want Barnett to rely on his speed and get too wide. 

Defensive coordinator Jim Schwartz said Barnett has been working hard on an inside spin move. Barnett was trying it out on Tuesday. It's still a work in progress. 

"Well it all works off of his edge rush and you have to keep guys honest," Schwartz said. "There's a lot of times in college, you can live off of one move. You get to the NFL and guys are going to take away that one move and you're going to have to have that counter to it."

2. Schwartz wouldn't say if he feels confident about his linebacker depth, but that unit did some good things on Day 2. First, Don Cherry, a practice squad player from a year ago, picked off a pass intended for Mack Hollins in 7-on-7s. Sure, the pass from Matt McGloin was a little behind his target, but Cherry made a good play and Schwartz said Cherry is a different player from a year ago. 

A little while later, middle linebacker Joe Walker pulled in an interception of his own after a ball was tipped straight into the air near the goal line. Veteran cornerback Ron Brooks made sure to make fun of rookie corner Randall Goforth for getting out-jumped by a linebacker. 

And Nate Gerry, who has been predominantly working at the outside linebacker spots -- mostly weakside -- got a few reps at the MIKE in the team's nickel package when Walker took a breather. That should help him understand the defense better. 

3. While McGloin threw behind Hollins for that interception, he followed it up with a 20-yard dime to tight end Billy Brown near the left sideline. Walker had tight coverage on the play, but McGloin dropped it in. 

4. Speaking of Brown, there's not much of a chance for him to make the roster. Zach Ertz, Brent Celek and Trey Burton are virtual locks to make the roster and it seems unlikely the team would keep four tight ends. But Brown might have a chance at earning a practice squad position. A converted wide receiver, Brown is a big guy at 6-4, 255 pounds, but has shown some decent hands and good strength throughout the spring and now early in the summer. 

5. Dane Evans has made some good plays early in camp, but he made a bad decision in the first competitive period on Tuesday. He tried to force in a deep ball but went to the side of the field that had a safety. That safety, Tre Sullivan, picked him off over his shoulder.

6. During the spring, we had seen the Eagles trot out their "pony set," which included Darren Sproles and Donnel Pumphrey. But on Tuesday, big back Corey Clement was in the backfield and Pumphrey was used in the slot. So far this offseason, it really seems like that is going to be Pumphrey's role, working as a receiver out of the backfield and in the slot. 

Carson Wentz, when asked, admitted it's sometimes hard to pick up the 5-foot-9, 176-pound Pumphrey when he runs a route. 

"It can be," Wentz said. "Every guy has their pros and cons. It's just like Sproles. Sproles and I were on the same page a lot last year and develop that chemistry and just trust those guys. And I think we're developing that as we speak." 

7. Hollins and Rasul Douglas had some good battles on Day 2, both coming out victorious on different occasions. Douglas has continued to show his toughness at the line. He's not afraid to use his size and jam. It'll be interesting to see how that works once the veterans come to camp. And it will be even more interesting to see how that works when Doug Pederson brings referees to camp. 

8. The Eagles' secondary spent time in the red zone working in man coverage and then spent time in zone. When the offense used some bunch formations, the corners got a little tripped up in man, as expected. While these practices aren't good for a lot of things, this is an area where the secondary can get better. Douglas was beaten by Marcus Johnson for a touchdown on one of those plays. 

9. While Sidney Jones isn't close to practicing yet, he's staying as involved as he can. He spends every moment of practice with the defensive backs and really seems locked in. At times, he mimics a backpedal and the shoulder motions of cutting. He's not allowed to actually back pedal or cut yet, but he's getting the mental reps on the field. 

10. If you've been expecting a ton of Wentz observations, they'll come later in the week when the entire team reports. For now, his reps have been limited as Nick Foles, McGloin and Evans take most of the snaps. Basically, the team is getting those guys reps now because once real training camp starts, it's the Wentz Show. 

Stupid observation of the day: Without a long-snapper or their emergency long-snapper (Celek) in camp, Mack Hollins spent some time long-snapping the ball to punter Cameron Johnston. Hollins actually did it pretty well.